One of the pens that brought glory to Mexico and total respect for the woman writer in Latin America. We owe her a Big One !
Elena Garro (December 12, 1920–August 22, 1998) was a mexican writer. She was once married to writer Octavio Paz.
Elena Garro was born to a spanish father and a mexican mother, in Puebla, Mexico. She spent her childhood in Mexico City, but moved to Iguala, Guerrero, during the Cristero War. She studied literature, choreography and theater in the National Autonomous University of Mexico. While she lived in Mexico City, she met Octavio Paz, whom she married in 1937. They had one daughter, Helena, but divorced in 1959. However, according to her final will, Elena died without knowing she was divorced.
After the 1968 Tlatelolco Massacre, she accused certain Mexican intellectuals of being responsible of instigating the students and later abandoning them. These accusations caused resentment in the intellectual community who repudiated her. In 1972, Garro left the country and lived in exile in France for twenty years.
When she returned to Mexico she lived in Cuernavaca. She suffered from lung cancer due to smoking and Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (CONACULTA) covered her medical expenses. She later died from this illness.
Her work touches on the themes of the marginalization of women and racism. Most important was her criticism of the Mexican government. She also portrayed a critical vision of the Mexican Revolution (1910) in her master novel “Los recuerdos del porvenir” (1963), which was awarded the Xavier Villarutia Prize, and which has been translated into several languages. Her novel “Y Matarazo no llamó . . . “ criticizes how the government used excessive force to stop the labor strike. In her short story, “La culpa es de los tlaxcaltecas,” she vindicates la Malinche. Her play “Felipe Angeles” is a documentary drama where she resurrects the General Felipe Angeles, a revolutionary leader who was executed in 1919 by the government of Venustiano Carranza] against the will of the people. This was a result of his success in saving the lives of many people in Chihuahua, when Pancho Villa ordered the execution of one hundred soldiers. He is also known for his triumph in Zacatecas. Angeles fought against the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz with Francisco Madero, president of Mexico who was also assassinated.
Works you might want to read
Felipe Ángeles, Un hogar sólido, El rey mago, Pilares de doña Blanca, Andarse por las ramas, Ventura Allende, El encanto, Los perros, El árbol, La dama boba, El rastro, Benito Fernández, La mudanza, Parada San Ángel, La señora en su balcón, Sócrates y los gatos, Los recuerdos del porvenir, Testimonios sobre Mariana, Reencuentro de personajes, La casa junto al río Grijalbo, Y Matarazo no llamó, Inés, Busca mi esquela, Primer amor, Un traje rojo para un duelo, Un corazón en un bote de basura, Mi hermanita Magdalena, La vida empieza a las tres. La culpa es de los tlaxcaltecas, La semana de colores, Andamos huyendo Lola, El accidente y otros cuentos inéditos, Memorias de España 1937 and Revolucionarios mexicanos
Award Xavier Villaurrutia (1963), Award Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1996), Award Grijalbo (1989)
Until tomorow : As we sow, so shall we reap.